For IR Rating the student pilot must hold a PPL(A) or CPL(A) license, a valid license-relevant Class I or II medical certificate without contraindications to IFR flights. In addition, the student pilot is also required to have passed an internal or external theoretical IR(A) or ATPL(A) course.
The training consists of ground training and practical training, which follows the completion of the theoretical part.
The practical course is based on the program which teaches how to control planes according to instruments, then how to navigate the controlled airspace according to Instrument Flight Rules (IFR). The practical course comprises 50 hours of training flights, including 35 or 40 on a simulator and another 15 hours on a single or multi-engine airplane equipped with IFR instruments.
The pilot student must hold a Private Pilot License or Commercial Pilot License as well as Class II or I medical certificate. Another precondition for the practical course is the completion of the IR training course.